Volume 2 - Issue 4

October 2014

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Academics’ Attitudes Toward Using Digital Games for Learning & Teaching in Malaysia

Enas Mohamed Noraddin Neo Tse Kian
Pages: 1-21

Digital (or computer) games have been extremely attractive to gamers of all ages, especially the young ones. They spend much time playing such games for pleasure and entertainment. Harnessing digital games for education has been attempted in some advanced countries where teachers seemed to be receptive to the idea. In Malaysia no major study has been undertaken about the university teacher’s attitudes towards using digital games in their classrooms. And so the purpose of this study is to investigate university teachers’ perception of utilizing digital games in classroom in Malaysian universities and colleges. It seeks to answer a fundamental question: do university teachers in Malaysia have favorable or unfavorable perceptions toward using digital games in their teaching efforts? And how do they differ in their views about digital game potential according to the influence of variables such as age, gender, academic discipline and others sets of independent variables? For answering these fundamental questions an online questionnaire-based research surveyed 273 teachers in 5 Malaysian universities. The method was conventionally tested for validity and the data analyzed in order to draw some conclusions. Overall the results show that the majority of Malaysian university teachers have favorable attitudes using digital games in their classroom. Less than a majority, but a sizeable number of teachers have not formed any opinion for or against using digital games in the classroom. Gender, age, years of teaching, teaching discipline and other variables do not influence the respondents’ positive or negative attitudes toward using digital games in the classrooms. Playing digital games, as a lifestyle habit, by respondents shows an association with positive attitude. In other words, those who play digital games themselves are more likely to have favorable attitudes toward using those games for education.

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Analysis of Distance Learning in Smart Schools in Iran: A Case Study of Tehran’s Smart Schools

Vahid Motamedi Roghayeh Piri
Pages: 22-31

In the paradigm of information society the structure and facts have become flexible and subjective. In the recent social - economic order, IT and communication have taken over the leading role. Distance learning in smart schools is one of the flexible realities in the education field that has crossed the format of the hard and inflexible traditional schools such as boundaries of time and place and has provided educational content by using multimedia and networking software and computers. This study analyzed distance learning in smart schools within the regions of education of Tehran. The subjects for study were teachers and administrative staff of Tehran's four smart schools. Survey research method was used. Then using a questionnaire, smart school teachers’ comments were collected and analyzed. Using a Likert 5 spectral pattern in the form of questionnaire, indicators were identified. The population of this research was the smart schools in Tehran. Given the widespread pattern of Tehran, four top smart schools in Tehran were identified as sample. Our sampling method involved two-stage cluster sampling and census. At first among smart schools in Tehran, four clusters were selected with indicators such as history, area of education, student population, and gender. Data collection was conducted in two phases and with two methods. Then an attempted was made to test the hypothesis using Pearson's correlation and regression testing. Results indicated that there should be an emphasis on systematic approach in distance training and also that one-dimensional view lead to failure to achieve distance learning objectives. There was a significant relationship between elements of software and hardware infrastructure and distance learning in smart schools and also between the ability of teachers and the establishment of distance education.

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Effectiveness of the Biology PTechLS Module in a Felda Science Centre

Norlidah Alias Dorothy DeWitt Mohd Nazri Abdul Rahman Rashidah Begum Gelamdin Rose Amnah Abd Rauf Saedah Siraj
Pages: 32-36

The PTechLS module combines learning styles with the use of technology to increase students’ learning experience, especially in learning abstract concepts. The PTechLS module prototype was developed by Norlidah Alias (2010). The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation effectiveness of the Biology PTechLS module in a Felda Learning Centre in the district of Jempol in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. The PTechLS module was implemented from 2012 to 2014. The study employs a quasi- experimental design involving 37 students. In addition, a retrospective usability evaluation of the PTechLS module implementation was conducted, with two Biology teachers as the users. The findings of this study show that there were significant difference in the pre-test and post-test scores. This indicates that students’ achievement score could improve after using the Biology PTechLS module. The interview with the teachers showed that the Biologi PtechLS module could be used as a resource. In addition, further improvements of the PTechLS module were suggested. Hence, there is possibility that the Biology PtechLS Module could be used in other secondary schools in rural areas in Malaysia to improve achivement and interest in Biology.

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The Impact of Peerwise Approach on the Academic Performance of Medical Students

Farkaad A. Kadir Reshma M. Ansari Norhafizah AbManan Mohd Hafiz Ngoo Abdullah Hamdan Mohd Nor
Pages: 37-49

PeerWise is a novel, freely available, online pedagogical tool that allows students to create and deposit questions for peer evaluation. A participatory learning approach through this web-based system was used to motivate and promote a deep approach in learning nervous system by 124 second year MBBS students at Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences. PeerWise was introduced to the students as an optional component within the nervous system course syllabus. The students were asked to create at least two multiple-choice questions (MCQs) covering different aspects of the syllabus components and to evaluate four MCQs from other students throughout the 5-week duration from December 2013 to January 2014. It was mandatory that the students write, answer and explain their MCQs. It was also essential that they answer, rate and give constructive comments on the MCQs written by their peers. The study reveals that the students were active participants and created a large question bank based on the course syllabus with variable quality. Spearman correlation analysis was performed and shows correlation coefficient values falling in a range between .634 to .739 indicating moderately strong relationship of PeerWise activity with the mark scored in the course. This study reveals that PeerWise is a feasible and large-scale team-based learning tool as the students improve their learning through peer support, analytical and critical thinking as well as personal reflection.

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Towards School Management System (SMS) Success in Teacher’s Perception

Haslina binti Hassan Bahbibi binti Rahmatullah Norhisham bin Mohamad Nordin
Pages: 50-60

School Management System-SMS (Sistem Pengurusan Sekolah) is a system developed by Ministry of Education Malaysia in order to reduce teachers’ burden and for Educational Data Integration. SMS is a type of Management Information System (MIS) and is pivotal for efficient and effective running of schools in Malaysia. As SMS is newly introduced, no research on its use could be found yet; therefore, this research is crucial in providing information to MOE on the SMS success. The core of this research is to validate the relations of variables in DeLone and MacLean IS Success Model with teachers’ perception towards the SMS success. Several Information System Success (ISS) evaluation theories will be discussed in this research as they are essential to describing the IS Success. Using a quantitative approach, the tool (survey questionnaire) was applied in a survey at Sekolah Kebangsaan Puncak Alam (2), Selangor with 56 respondents. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Two types of statistical analysis were used on the collected data. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the demographic information and correlation analysis to find the relationship between variables. We found significant relationships between variables: system quality, information quality, use, user satisfaction and individual impact. The results supported the hypotheses made to answer all the research questions. The findings are essential for MOE to know the teachers’ perception in the implementation of SMS in school.

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Message from the editor-in-chief

Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology (MOJET) highlights the current issues in educational technology. MOJET is an international, professional referred journal in the interdisciplinary fields sponsored by Faculty of Education, University of Malaya. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing the emerging issues on educational technology for readers who share common interests in understanding the developments of the integration of technology in education. The journal is committed to providing access to quality researches raging from original research, theoretical articles and concept papers in educational technology. In order to produce high quality journal, extensive effort has been put in selecting valuable researches that contribute to the journal. I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to editorial board, reviewers and researchers for their valuable contributions to make this journal a reality. 

Professor Dr. Saedah Siraj

October, 2014
Editor in chief

Message from the editors

Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology (MOJET) is aimed at using technology in online teaching and learning through diffusing information from a community of researchers and scholars. The journal is published electronically four times a year. The journal welcomes the original and qualified researches on all aspects of educational technology. Topics may include, but not limited to: use of multimedia to improve online learning; collaborative learning in online learning environment, innovative online teaching and learning; instructional design theory and application; use of technology in instruction; instructional design theory, evaluation of instructional design, and future development of instructional technology. As editor of the journal, it is a great pleasure to see the success of this journal publication. On behalf of the editorial team of The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology (MOJET), we would like to thank to all the authors and editors for their contribution to the development of the journal.


Dr. Norlidah Alias
Dr. Onur Isbulan 

October, 2014